Musik. Schräge Musik

Dengerin Musik

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Night Fighters: A Development and Combat History. The optimum target for the night fighter was the wing fuel tanks, not the fuselage or bomb bay, because of the risk that exploding bombs would damage the attacker. Warplanes of the First World War, Volume Three: Fighters. The only snag was that the Luftwaffe's guns were so effective that the night fighter usually had to get out of the way very fast. And the fighter was perfectly safe, because it was well below the and could not be seen by any member of the bomber's crew.

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Schräge Musik

Musik

The surviving complete example of the type is a Defiant I, N1671, on display as a at the. Although He 219s continued to be delivered with the twin 30 mm mounted, these were removed by front line units. The tactic was to fly below the target bomber or airship and fire upwards into it. This result contradicted the official dogma. As the fighter slowed and the bomber passed over them, its wings were sprayed with cannon or machine gun rounds.

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Banzai Music GmbH

Musik

Commander at Rabaul airfield left In 1943, Commander of the 251st , Imperial Japanese Navy in Rabaul came up with the idea of converting the J1N1-C Irving into a night fighter. Exploitation of the same zero-deflection concept described above led to the destruction of six German airships between September and December 1916. For instance, when firing upward at 45° elevation, assuming the attacking aircraft and its target are travelling at about the same velocity and the range is fairly short, the trajectory will appear straight. Operational deployment began in October 1944. This demanded fine judgement, gave only a second or two of firing time and almost immediately brought the fighter up behind the bomber's tail turret. Men Of Air: The Doomed Youth Of Bomber Command Bomber War Trilogy 2. The bullets' true path is of course a parabola, but due to the relative movement of the aircraft they appear to follow a straight line: so that accurate sighting of the weapon requires no deflection or 'aiming off'.

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Banzai Music GmbH

Musik

The fighter could see the bomber clearly, as a darker silhouette either blotting out the stars or against paler sky or high cloud. The Germans tried similar arrangements in 1917, when of attached two machine guns to an , pointing upwards and forwards. The N-24 company proposal was armed with four 20 mm. An increasing number of these installations used the more powerful 30-millimetre 1. The allies did not discover Schräge Musik till end of the war.

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Banzai Music GmbH

Musik

Reports from air gunners of German night fighters stalking their prey from below had appeared as early as 1943 but had been discounted. Even in the last year of the war, 18 months after the Peenemunde Raid, Schräge Musik night fighters were still taking a heavy toll, for example on the — Raid, 21 February 1945: On this particular night the night fighters were to score heavily. This was tested on the Fw 190, and was destined for installation in the Me 163B and the Me 262B. While it was a promising aircraft in its own right, by the time that the second prototype was completed the conventionally-armed was already in production, so neither the G39 nor the subsequent were pursued. Between August 1943 and the end of the year, Schönert achieved 18 kills with the new gun installation. The guns could be controlled in elevation from 30—50 degrees and 15 degrees in the azimuth by the gunner in the nose.

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Schräge Musik

Musik

With such high losses in day operations, the Defiant was transferred to night fighting and there the type achieved some success. On paper at least, the advantages of flexible aim and weight of fire from a two-seater were clear: the pilot is not overburdened, several fighters could be brought to bear on a target together and there are two pairs of eyes per aircraft. The definitive night fighter version of the , the Me 262B-2, was also designed to carry such an installation but the system was a failure and it was not used operationally. Adoption of Schräge Musik began in late 1943 and by 1944, a third of all German night fighters carried upward-firing guns. In July 1942, Schoenert discussed the results of his experiment with General , who authorized the conversion of three , to add a vertical armament of four or six. Trials with the Komet were promising, with six operational aircraft modified. Attempts to take on single-seat fighters with Defiants led to catastrophic results in 1940 over France and during the.

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Banzai Music GmbH

Musik

Systems similar to the original Schräge Musik, such as the Sondergerät 500 or , were tested on day fighters and other airframes, with the largest-calibre upward-firing aerial ordnance in German service, based on the quintuple-launcher of the infantry barrage rocket, the experimental heavy destroyer also under test. Turret fighters with four 20mm cannon were specified under F. It was mounted in a similar position in the fuselage as the Luftwaffe's night fighters. Armament was to be a nose-mounted, powered turret containing four 20 mm. Ultimately, the F-89 design abandoned the swiveling nose turret in favor of a more standard front-firing cannon arrangement.

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Schräge Musik

Musik

Particularly in the initial stage of operational use mid-1943 to early 1944 , Allied crews often attributed sudden fire from below to ground fire rather than a fighter. One variant of the common single-seat fighter—the A6M5d-S—had a 20mm Type 99 cannon mounted just behind the pilot, firing upwards for night fighter combat. Similar logic lay behind the later Vickers Type 414 twin-engined fighter. If not installed in a ventral turret these weapons were mounted in a makeshift port directly under the mid-upper gunner station. This was also a problem during normal stern attacks at low closure rate, but it was even more exaggerated during schräge musik attacks, since the pilot could not even make use of the limited climb performance available at the edge of the flight envelope to avoid debris from the stricken target. It was rather like 1916, except that a Lancaster with one wing blown off tumbled downwards and backwards faster than an ignited airship. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004, First edition 1976.

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